Application of an aqueous two-phase systems strategy for the potential recovery of a recombinant protein from alfalfa (Medicago sativa)
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The potential application of aqueous two-phase systems for the primary recovery of a human recombinant protein from alfalfa green tissue was investigated, using granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, rhG-CSF, as a model protein. The evaluation of the effect of system parameters upon the partitioning behaviour provided the conditions that favoured the concentration of the contaminants and the target protein in opposite phases. A PEG 8000/phosphate systems comprising of 16.1% (w/w) of polyethylene-glycol (PEG), 10.0% phosphate, tie-line length (TLL) of 35.7% (w/w), volume ratio (Vr) equal to one and pH of 7.0 resulted in the potential recovery of 88% of the rhG-CSF in the top phase and the concentration of 93% of alfalfa contaminant proteins at the interface and bottom phase. The findings reported here demonstrate the potential of selected ATPS to be used as a primary step in the recovery process of recombinant human proteins expressed in plants green-tissue. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.