Comparison between a model-free and model-based controller of an automotive semi-active suspension system
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A comparison between two control strategies of automotive semi-active suspension systems is presented by using a pick-up truck model in CarSim¿; the controllers are based on different frameworks. The Linear Parameter Varying (LPV) controller, considered as model-based controller, includes the constraints of the semi-active damper by using two scheduling parameters; while, the Frequency Estimation-Based (FEB) controller only requires measurements of a wheel-station for defining the damping force according to the objective controls, i.e. is free of a vehicle and actuator model. Each wheel-station has an independent controller and, experimental data are used to model an MR damper in each quarter of vehicle. A running test on the road based on ISO 8606 is used to compare the performance in comfort and road holding of both controllers. Simulation results in CarSim¿ show that the LPV approach has the best comfort performance; in comparison with the passive suspension system, the pitch angle is reduced 36% and the vertical chassis displacement 24%. However, the FEB controller is better for road holding: a lower suspension deflection with a tire compression reduced 30%. © 2013 IFAC.