Detection and classification of microcalcification clusters in mammograms using evolutionary neural networks
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Breast cancer is one of the main causes of death in women and early diagnosis is an important means to reduce the mortality rate. The presence of microcalcification clusters are primary indicators of early stages of malignant types of breast cancer and its detection is important to prevent the disease. This chapter presents a procedure for the classification of microcalcification clusters in mammograms using sequential difference of gaussian filters (DoG) and three evolutionary artificial neural networks (EANNs) compared against a feedforward artificial neural network (ANN) trained with backpropagation. It is shown that the use of genetic algorithms (GAs) for finding the optimal weight set for an ANN, finding an adequate initial weight set before starting a backpropagation training algorithm and designing its architecture and tuning its parameters, results mainly in improvements in over-all accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of an ANN, compared with other networks trained with simple backpropagation. © 2008 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.