Evaluating material constitutive equations for the simulation of Incremental Sheet Forming applied to form thermoplastic materials
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Incremental Sheet Forming (ISF) is able to produce highly customized products at a reasonable manufacturing cost and it has gain importance in the last years, becoming the focus of interest for many researchers and institutions. Some recent publications have revealed an increasing interest in forming thermoplastic materials. There is a tremendous amount of effort put in developing a model that may describe the equilibrium hysteresis and rate-dependence of thermoplastic materials in ISF. This paper will present a brief review of the most common constitutive equations that are able to model the behaviour of glassy polymers. It will be shown that by using a small number of material parameters defined in the Marlow model, it is possible to accurately predict experimental data collected on samples of PVC subjected to simple uniaxial test performed at room temperature. Additionally, some parts have been formed with ISF in order to verify whether the material is incompressible or not. It can be concluded that Marlow model might be used in future work to model the ISF manufacturing process. Copyright © 2013 Trans Tech Publications Ltd.