Given the international success achieved by Cuban narrative during the last decades of the 20th century, this article focuses on the role and function of Cuban poetry. Cuban poetry participates in the process of fragmentation and self-criticism which has been predominant in this genre of the modern Western tradition. However, its insertion in a social and discursive context led by a political revolution, has contributed to the originality of this poetry, which has had to reconfigure its own space through an interesting and sometimes tense dialogue with discourses regarding power which have been selfidentified with a Utopia. This article deals with some consequences of that dialogue in a critical context at the end of the 20th century. One of the most important consequences of this dialogue which has arisen in the midst of the most serious crisis within the Cuban political system is the difficulty of locating the points of enunciation of the recent Cuban poetry.