Development of the capacity of detecting and reporting adverse events in undergraduate students Desarrollo de la capacidad de identificar y reportar eventos adversos en estudiantes de pregrado
Academic Article in Scopus
Introduction: the involvement of undergraduate students in the systems of adverse event reporting is infrequent. It is then important that they can develop the competence and the culture of identifying and reporting adverse events that will allow providing more information for hospitals and health care systems. Objective: to describe how training makes it possible to encourage the culture of reporting adverse events in medical, nutrition and biomedical engineering students. Methods: retrospective, cross-sectional and analytical study of reports of adverse events described by medical, nutrition and biomedical engineering students as well as medical residents. The adverse events, quasi-faults and sentinels were all classified. The variables called correct and complete were identified and the information was presented with summary statistics using STATA 8.0 programs. Results: two hundred and three reports were collected. The participants were 157 medical students, 28 from biomedical engineering, 13 from nutrition and 7 quality medical residents. In this group, 37 % (73 cases) were correct reports and 52 % (104 cases) were complete. Complete and correct reports represented 19 % (38 cases). Conclusions: some part of the adverse reports tended to be unreported, thus restricting their analysis. It is required to continue insisting on all the undergraduate students about the importance of these reports and of duly and completely filled them in. The competence of identification of adverse events of the students could be determining to improve the systems of adverse event reporting, could strengthen the culture about this process and all this may lead to the improvement of the patient safety.