Identification of a threshold to discriminate fasting hypertriglyceridemia with postprandial values
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© 2018 The Author(s). Background: Postprandial lipemia is an important cardiovascular risk factor. The assessment of postprandial lipid metabolism is a newly trend that several consortiums and countries have adopted. The aim of the study is to determine a postprandial triglyceride concentration cut-off point that accurately discriminate individuals with fasting normal triglyceride concentrations from those with fasting hypertriglyceridemia. Methods: Cross sectional population-based study. A total of 212 subjects underwent an eight hours' oral fat tolerance test. Samples were taken fasting, three, four, five, six and eight hours after the meal. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (c-statistic) was computed using postprandial triglycerides concentrations as independent predictor, and fasting hypertriglyceridemia as dependent variable. Results: The best threshold of postprandial lipemia to discriminate fasting hypertriglyceridemia was 280 mg/dL at any hour area under the curve 0.816 (95% confidence interval 0.753-0.866), bootstrap-corrected c-statistic = 0.733 (95% confidence interval 0.68-0.86). The same value was compared with apolipoprotein B concentrations (>90th percentile) having a good performance: area under the curve 0.687 95% confidence interval 0.624-0.751). Likewise, subjects with high postprandial lipemia have higher Globo risk scores. Conclusion: The 280 mg/dL cut-off point value of postprandial triglycerides concentration any time after a test meal discriminate subjects with fasting hypertriglyceridemia. This threshold has a good performance in a heterogeneous population and has a good concordance with cardiovascular risk surrogates.