Hydraulic, hydrodynamic and environmental design of an offshore outfall for the Campeche Sound Marine region
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.This work focuses on the integral design of an offshore outfall as an alternative to the proper disposal of produced water generated by the oil industry in the Campeche Sound Marine Region. In recent years, the volume of extracted oil has increased and therefore produced water has grown in the same way. This effluent consists of high levels of salinity, temperature and some pollutants related to hydrocarbons. For this reason it cannot be exploited by the oil industry and the only way for managing it is to dispose of it to the sea. Through the implementation of hydrodynamic and water quality numerical models, it was possible to simulate the trajectory and pollutant levels of the effluent when it is transported by the currents outside the outfall. The results showed consistency according to values stipulated by regulations about water disposal.