Recognizing motor imagery tasks using deep multi-layer perceptrons
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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.A brain-computer interface provides individuals with a way to control a computer. However, most of these interfaces remain mostly utilized in research laboratories due to the absence of certainty and accuracy in the proposed systems. In this work, we acquired our own dataset from seven able-bodied subjects and used Deep Multi-Layer Perceptrons to classify motor imagery encephalography signals into binary (Rest vs Imagined and Left vs Right) and ternary classes (Rest vs Left vs Right). These Deep Multi-Layer Perceptrons were fed with power spectral features computed with the Welch¿s averaged modified periodogram method. The proposed architectures outperformed the accuracy achieved by the state-of-the-art for classifying motor imagery bioelectrical brain signals obtaining 88.03%, 85.92% and 79.82%, respectively, and an enhancement of 11.68% on average over the commonly used Support Vector Machines.