Motor Imagery Task Classification in EEG Signals with Spiking Neural Network
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© 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.We report the development and evaluation of brain signal classifiers, specifically Spiking Neuron based classifiers. The proposal consists of two main stages: feature extraction and pattern classification. The EEG signals used represent four motor imagery tasks: Left Hand, Right Hand, Foot and Tongue movements. In addition, one more class was added: Rest. These EEG signals were obtained from a database provided by the Technological University of Graz. Feature extraction stage was carried out by applying two algorithms: Power Spectral Density and Wavelet Decomposition. The tested algorithms were: K-Nearest Neighbors, Multilayer Perceptron, Single Spiking Neuron and Spiking Neural Network. All of them were evaluated in the classification between two Motor Imagery tasks; all possible pairings were made with the 5 mental tasks (Rest, Left Hand, Right Hand, Tongue and Foot). In the end, a performance comparison was made between a Multilayer Perceptron and Spiking Neural Network.