Association of Toll-like receptor 4 single-nucleotide polymorphisms Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile with the risk of primary open angle glaucoma
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© 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Purpose: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a transmembrane receptor that mediates immune responses to exogenous and endogenous ligands. Previously, non-coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TLR4 gene were related to primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). This study was undertaken to investigate whether coding TLR4 Asp299Gly (rs4986790 A/G) and Thr399Ile (rs4986791 C/T) are associated with POAG in a Mexican population. Methods: One hundred and eighty-seven unrelated Mexican patients with POAG (94 men and 95 women; mean age 66.49 ± 14.3 years) and 109 control subjects (40 men and 69 women; age, 63.28 ± 7.93 years) were included. SNPs Asp299Gly (rs4986790 A/G) and Thr399Ile (rs4986791 C/T) were genotyped by a Taqman® Allelic Discrimination Assayand. Allelic, genotypic, haplotypic, and model-based (dominant, recessive, and codominant) associations of the SNPs with POAG were analyzed using Chi-squared tests or Fisher exact tests and logistic regression. Results: Strong linkage disequilibrium was observed among the SNPs (D¿ = 0.8692), which were located in one haplotype block. With respect to allelic diversity, the minor allele of both SNPs generates a significantly increased risk of POAG. The minor allele of Asp299Gly conferred the highest increased risk of POAG (P = 0.0054, OR = 4.47, 95% CI = 1.46¿13.70). With regard to genotypic diversity, individuals carrying the minor allele of Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile had a significant increased risk for POAG with OR of 4.47 (P = 0.054, 95% CI = 1.30¿15.35) and 3.5, respectively (P = 0.012, 95% CI = 1.17-10.44). Haplotype analysis was non-significant. Conclusions: TLR4 coding SNPs Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile might be used as genetic susceptibility alleles for POAG in Mexican population. Our findings support the role of TLR4 in the pathophysiology of glaucoma.