Prevalence and 3-year persistence of human papillomavirus serotypes in asymptomatic patients in northern Mexico
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© 2016 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.Objective: To investigate clinical outcomes and 3-year persistence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections among women in Mexico. Methods: A prospective study enrolled sexually active women attending primary healthcare clinics in metropolitan Monterrey, Mexico, between June 3 and August 30, 2002. Baseline data were collected and participants underwent HPV screening. Patients with HPV infections were asked to attend a repeat screening appointment after 3 years, when the same screening data were gathered. Descriptive analyses were performed and the prevalence of cervical lesions and viral infections were examined. Results: In total, 1188 patients who underwent initial HPV screening were included. Cervical lesions were detected in 5 (0.4%) patients and 239 (20.1%) patients had HPV infections; 129 (54.0%) of these patients attended 3-year follow-up. Among the 357 HPV serotypes identified, the most prevalent serotypes were HPV-59, HPV-52, HPV-16, and HPV-56, detected 62 (17.4%), 38 (10.6%), 27 (7.6%), and 18 (5.0%) times, respectively. Of the 129 patients attending 3-year follow-up, 104 (80.6%) were clear from HPV infections, 13 (10.1%) patients had persistent HPV infections, and 12 (9.3%) had HPV infections with different HPV types. Conclusions: The HPV prevalence was 20.1% in the present study; the most prevalent infections were HPV-59, HPV-52, HPV-16, and HPV-56. At 3-year follow-up, 25 (19.4%) patients had HPV infections.