Improvement of covalent immobilization procedure of ß-galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis for galactooligosaccharides production: Modeling and kinetic study uri icon


  • © 2017 American Institute of Chemical EngineersGalactooligosaccharides (GOS) are prebiotics produced from lactose through an enzymatic reaction. Employing an immobilized enzyme may result in cost reductions; however, the changes in its kinetics due to immobilization has not been studied. This study experimentally determined the optimal reaction conditions for the production of GOS from lactose by ß-galactosidase (EC from Kluyveromyces lactis covalently immobilized to a polysiloxane-polyvinyl alcohol (POS-PVA) polymer activated with glutaraldehyde (GA), and to study the transgalactosylation kinetics. Yield immobilization was 99 ± 1.1% with 78.5 ± 2.4% enzyme activity recovery. An experimental design 24 with 1 center point and 2 replicates was used. Factors were lactose [L], enzyme concentration [E], pH and temperature (T). Response variables were glucose and galactose as monosaccharides [G1], residual lactose [Lac]r and GOS as disaccharides [G2] and trisaccharides [G3]. Best conditions were pH 7.1, 40 °C, 270 gL¿1 initial lactose concentration and 6 U mL¿1 enzyme concentration, obtaining 25.46 ± 0.01 gL¿1 yield of trisaccharides. Although below the HPLC-IR detection limit, tetrasaccharides were also identified after 115 min of reaction. The immobilization protocol was then optimized by diminishing total reactant volumes : support ratio, resulting in improved enzyme activity synthesizing 43.53 ± 0.02 gL¿1 of trisaccharides and 13.79 ± 0.21 gL¿1 of tetrasaccharides, and after four cycles remaining relative activity was 94%. A reaction mechanism was proposed through which a mathematical model was developed and rate constants were estimated, considering a pseudo steady-state hypothesis for two concomitant reactions, and from this simplified analysis, the reaction yield could eventually be improved. © 2017 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 33:1568¿1578, 2017.

Publication date

  • November 1, 2017