The 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine glycosylase increases its migration to mitochondria in compensated cardiac hypertrophy
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© 2017 American Society of Hypertension Cardiac hypertrophy is a compensatory mechanism maladapted because it presents an increase in the oxidative stress which could be associated with the development of the heart failure. A mechanism proposed is by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) oxidation, which evolved to a vicious cycle because of the synthesis of proteins encoded in the genome is committed. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to evaluate the mtDNA damage and enzyme repairing the 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine glycosylase mitochondrial isoform 1-2a (OGG1-2a) in the early stage of compensated cardiac hypertrophy induced by abdominal aortic constriction (AAC). Results showed that after 6 weeks of AAC, hearts presented a compensated hypertrophy (22%), with an increase in the cell volume (35%), mitochondrial mass (12%), and mitochondrial membrane potential (94%). However, the increase of oxidative stress did not affect mtDNA most probably because OGG1-2a was found to increase 3.2 times in the mitochondrial fraction. Besides, mitochondrial function was not altered by the cardiac hypertrophy condition but in vitro mitochondria from AAC heart showed an increased sensibility to stress induced by the high Ca2+ concentration. The increase in the oxidative stress in compensated cardiac hypertrophy induced the OGG1-2a migration to mitochondria to repair mtDNA oxidation, as a mechanism that allows maintaining the cardiac function in the compensatory stage.