A methodology to create a sensing, smart and sustainable manufacturing enterprise
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© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Next-generation manufacturing enterprises need to be sensing, smart and sustainable to be competitive: `sensing¿ refers to context awareness at internal and external levels; `smart¿ refers to knowledge-based organisations that adapt to changes and `sustainable¿ refers to the ability to operate without damaging the environment, community or economy. Although technologies do exist to support the development of such enterprises, there is a need for methodologies that help in the entire enterprise engineering problem. This paper proposes a methodology, based on the principles of enterprise architecture, to design a sensing, smart and sustainable manufacturing enterprise. The methodology aims at adopting the best practices used in enterprise engineering while dealing with the relevant gaps. An analysis of the characteristics of the `Sensing, Smart and Sustainable Manufacturing Enterprise¿ (S3-ME) is presented to understand the advantages of using the proposed methodology. The methodology comprises the instantiation of five viewpoints presented in the Reference Model of Open Distributed Processing (ISO/IEC 10746 RM-ODP) and redefined by the Smart and Sensing Enterprise Reference Model (S2E-RM). The viewpoint instantiation is described and then exemplified with a case study. As a result of the instantiation, the enterprise is defined through an enterprise model.