Grid-Voltage-Oriented Sliding Mode Control for DFIG Under Balanced and Unbalanced Grid Faults
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© 2018 IEEE. Doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) are widely used in variable-speed wind turbines. Despite the well-accepted performance of DFIGs, these generators are highly sensible to grid faults. Hence, the presence of grid faults must be considered in the design of any control system to be deployed on DFIGs. Sliding mode control (SMC) is a useful alternative for electric machinery control since SMC offers fast dynamic response and less sensitivity to parameter variations and disturbances. Additionally, the natural outputs of SMC are discontinuous signals allowing direct switching of power electronic devices. In this paper, a grid-voltage-oriented SMC is proposed and tested under low voltage grid faults. Unlike other nonmodulated techniques such as direct torque control, there is not a necessity of modifying the controller structure for withstanding low depth voltage dips. For stator natural flux cancelation, the torque and reactive power references are modified to inject a demagnetizing current. Simulation results demonstrate the demagnetization of the natural flux component as well as a robust tracking control under balanced and unbalanced voltage dips.