Global Markets and the Role of Geographical Proximity in Mexico's Employment Growth
Academic Article in Scopus
- Additional Document Info
- View All
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc In the context of greater economic integration with global markets and structural economic reforms, this paper analyses regional and sectoral employment growth dynamics in Mexican states between 2004 and 2014. The methodology is based on spatial shift-share analysis that explicitly considers interregional interactions in employment while assessing potential spillover effects arising from spatial interactions among states and industrial sectors. The results suggest a competitive effect from some industries¿such as those related to science and specialized suppliers, intensive scale industries and dominated providers¿which led to the formation of industrial corridors of neighboring states that connect the central region with the northeast region of the country. It was also found that proximity to states such as Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosi, and Puebla has positively influenced neighboring states in terms of employment growth rates. The results also support the argument of some sort of de-concentration of economic activity in the capital, Mexico City, toward neighboring states.