Sensing, smart and sustainable technologies for Agri-Food 4.0
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Currently, the agri-food sector takes advantage of modern machinery, tools and emerging information and communication technologies (ICTs) that consider the Internet of Things (IoT) capabilities. These implementations have given way to a new era of agri-food production called `Agri-Food 4.0¿ where automation, connectivity, digitalisation, the use of renewable energies and the efficient use of resources are predominant in this sector. In this article, the `sensing, smart and sustainable (S 3 )¿ concept is applied to develop new technologies that can respond to current challenges of agri-food industries. Therefore, this work focuses on describing how S 3 technologies for the agri-food sector can be developed using a systematic process for new product development (NPD). The main objective of this work is to fill the gap vis-à-vis the current lack of design roadmaps that permit the development of this new generation of products in the context of agri-food 4.0. Finally, this work presents case studies of S 3 technologies applied to the agri-food sector: an intelligent greenhouse, a sun tracker trajectory, an hexapod robot for field monitoring and an agricultural drone.