Innovation in the instructional design of open mass courses (MOOCs) to develop entrepreneurship competencies in energy sustainability Innovación en el diseño instruccional de cursos masivos abiertos (MOOC¿s) para desarrollar competencias de emprendimiento en sustentabilidad energética
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© 2019 Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca. All rights reserved.The current trends in virtual education have taken an exciting turn regarding how the educational offer is presented and show the need to offer virtual pedagogical models that combine different components of the teaching-learning process. This investigation analyses how the attributes of innovation in the instructional design are developed about the competences of entrepreneurship, in two massive courses focused on training in energy sustainability. The research methodology was of a mixed nature with sequential explanatory design and data triangulation. The population was made up of 6.517 participants, as well as experts in content and instructional design. The instruments used were five: initial and final surveys, semi-structured interviews, content binnacle and analysis forum discussion with the interaction analysis model/computer mediated communication (IAM/CMC, Interaction Analysis Model/Computer-Mediated-communication, for its acronym in English). The results indicate that the attributes of innovation in instructional design can contribute to developing entrepreneurial skills, through MOOCs to generate new business opportunities in the energy field (specifically business opportunities in renewable energy, the potential for plastics, participation in hydrocarbon markets and energy markets), and to continue innovating in open instructional design. It concludes with the relevance of integrating open innovation in the design of MOOCs, for the creation of competences in the students and studying the interactions that take place in the joint construction spaces.