Characterization and optimization of immunoaffinity aqueous two-phase systems with PEGylated CD133/2-biotin antibody in route to stem cell separation
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© 2019 Society of Chemical IndustryBACKGROUND: A short processing time and efficient scale-up stem cell isolation bioprocess is essential to exploit the potential of these cells for the treatment of multiple chronic diseases. Various methodologies have been used for stem cell recovery. However, most of them present economic and/or time-consuming drawbacks. RESULTS: This paper reports the characterization and optimization of immunoaffinity aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS), a liquid-liquid based separation technology enhanced with the PEGylation of the antibody as a promising platform in route to the separation of CD133+ stem cells. The best results were obtained with Ucon-DEX or PEG-DEX systems with tie-line length (TLL) 15 or 20% w/w and volume ratio (VR) 3. When the PEGylated antibodies were added to these selected optimized ATPS, they partitioned to both phases, but with higher preference for the bottom phase. CONCLUSION: PEGylation was an effective strategy to induce a change in the partition behavior of the CD133/2-biotin antibody when Ucon-DEX ATPS were used. Similarly, variation of the parameters (TLL and VR) resulted to be useful for this goal. Nevertheless, further studies are required to find the optimal ATPS composition that will fractionate 100% of the antibody to the contaminants' opposite phase, making this system an ideal candidate to be tested for the selectivity of CD133+ stem cells. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.