Controlled Atmosphere Storage: Applications for Bulk Storage of Foodstuffs
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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Fruits and vegetables are biological systems that deteriorate rapidly due to their metabolic processes. To diminish the rate of senescence, they must be handled adequately. Controlled atmosphere (CA) is a technology used for the long-term storage of foods. In this method, the oxygen levels are generally decreased and the CO2 concentrations are often increased by static or dynamic methods, and they are constantly monitored and adjusted during storage. The recommended CA storage conditions for vegetable products are highly variable because they depend on multiple factors such as species, cultivars, anatomical differences, temperature, humidity, degree of ripeness, ethylene, and pre- and postharvest handling.