Quasi-one-dimensional optical lattices for soliton manipulation
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© 2014 Optical Society of America.Based on angular spectrum engineering, we report the generation of optical lattices whose two-dimensional transverse nondiffracting pattern can be reduced to a quasi-one-dimensional intensity structure formed by either a single or multiple parallel channels. Remarkably, many features for each channel such as its maximum intensity, modulation, width, or separation among channels, can be controlled and modified in order to meet the requirements of particular applications. In particular, we demonstrate that these lattices can provide useful schemes for soliton routing and steering. We demonstrate the existence domain of ground-state solitons for the single quasi-onedimensional lattice, and we show that these nondiffracting beams allow "push and pull" dynamics among the neighbor solitons propagated along the nondiffracting channels generated.