A 42-year-old woman with untreated growth hormone insensitivity, diabetic retinopathy, and gene sequencing identifies a variant of laron syndrome
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© Am J Case Rep, 2019;.Objective: Rare co-existance of disease or pathology Background: Growth hormone insensitivity and reduced levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are associated with metabolic syndrome that includes obesity, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. Laron syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition associated with insensitivity to growth hormone that results in short stature and metabolic syndrome and is usually diagnosed in childhood. This report is of a 42-yearold Mexican woman with untreated growth hormone insensitivity and diabetic retinopathy, in whom gene sequencing supported the identification of a variant of Laron syndrome. Case Report: A 42-year-old Mexican woman with untreated growth hormone insensitivity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus was diagnosed with cataracts, severe retinopathy and hearing loss. She was investigated for genetic causes of reduction in IGF-1. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) showed genetic changes in the growth hormone and IGF-1 axis. The patient¿s phenotype and genetic changes were consistent with Laron syndrome. Conclusions: The early detection of reduced IGF-1 and identification of the cause of growth hormone insensitivity require international consensus on the approach to diagnosis and treatment methods, including effective IGF-1 replacement therapy. Early diagnosis may reduce the clinical consequences of complications that include short stature the development of metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and retinopathy.