Mitochondrial hyperacetylation in the failing hearts of obese patients mediated partly by a reduction in SIRT3: The involvement of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore
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© 2019 The Author(s).Background/Aims: Cyclophilin D (CypD) mediates the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening that contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction. CypD is regulated by its acetylation/deacetylation state that depends on Sirtuin-3 (SIRT3) mitochondrial deacetylase. Since obesity and metabolic syndrome decrease SIRT3 activity and expression, we tested the hypothesis that CypD hyperacetylation promotes mitochondrial dysfunction under this pathophysiological state, which is associated with ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. Methods: Myocardial tissue samples from patients with left ventricular heart failure, with either obesity or normal weight, were processed for the expression of SIRT3 and acetylation profile by Western Blot (WB). In addition, a rat model of obesity and metabolic syndrome induced by 30% (w/v) of sucrose was conducted. The WB analysis was used to determine the levels of mitochondrial expression of SIRT3, Adenine Nucleotide Translocator (ANT), CypD and the acetylation profile, as well as immunoprecipitation to establish the acetylation levels of CypD. Mitochondrial function was assessed by oxygen consumption analysis and maximum Ca2+ retention capacity. Oxidative stress was assessed by aconitase activity, protein carbonyl and thiol groups content. Results: SIRT3 expression in the biopsies of the failing human hearts showed a 46% decrease in the expression levels of obese patients in comparison to the non-obese patients (p=0.0219). Remarkably, body mass index was associated with protein acetylation (0.627; p = 0.035), suggesting that the acetylation profiles of the failing hearts of obese patients are partly mediated by a reduction in SIRT3, which is also associated with higher BNP levels, indicating a more severe ventricular dysfunction (-0.636; p = 0.043). Accordingly, obese rats demonstrated a SIRT3 mitochondrial expression decrease of 22% concomitantly with a hyperacetylated mitochondrial profile, including CypD. Cardiac mitochondria from obese animals were 2.5-fold more prone to mPTP opening than the controls. Conclusion: Our results indicate that obesity reduces SIRT3 expression and that CypD hyperacetylation increases mPTP opening, suggesting that the activation of SIRT3 might be a potential target to decrease ventricular dysfunction and slow the progression of heart failure.